Much writing about Tibet and especially on Tibetan responses to Chinese communist rule has been sentimental and highly polemical. Also, many publications on recent development have been based on travellers' accounts. This volume adopts a more balanced and rigorous analytical approach to modern Tibetan society. Questions of identity and ethnicity in Tibet and the character and course of the anti-Chinese protests since 1987 are principal themes. Earlier history, ideology, economic development and China's post-1980 reforms are also examined.